Tamil consonants are introduced as hard, delicate and average in certain language structures which generally relates to plosives, nasals and approximants. In contrast to most Indian dialects, Tamil doesn’t recognize suctioned and unaspirated consonants. Moreover, the voicing of plosives is represented by exacting standards in centamiḻ. Plosives are unvoiced on the off chance that they happen word-at first or multiplied. Somewhere else they are voiced, with a couple of turning out to be fricatives intervocalically, which implies that voicing is definitely not a phonological quality for plosives. Nasals and approximants are consistently voiced. tamilnewslive
Tamil is portrayed by its utilization of more than one sort of coronal consonants: in the same way as other of different dialects of India, it contains a progression of retroflex consonants. Prominently, the Tamil retroflex arrangement incorporates the retroflex approximant/ɻ/(ழ) (model Tamil; regularly translated ‘zh’), which is uncommon in the Indo-Aryan dialects. Among the other Dravidian dialects, the retroflex approximant additionally happens in Malayalam (for instance in ‘Kozhikode’), vanished from communicated in Kannada around 1000 AD (albeit the character is as yet composed, and exists in Unicode, ೞ as in ಕೊೞೆ), and was never present in Telugu. In certain lingos of informal Tamil, this consonant is viewed as vanishing and moving to the alveolar parallel approximant/l/. Dental and alveolar consonants additionally verifiably appeared differently in relation to one another, a normally Dravidian attribute not found in the adjoining Indo-Aryan dialects. While this qualification can in any case be found in the composed language, it has been generally lost in conversational communicated in Tamil, and surprisingly in artistic use the letters ந (dental) and ன (alveolar) might be viewed as allophonic. Likewise, the authentic alveolar stop has changed into a dental stop in numerous advanced vernaculars.
The alveolar stop *ṯ formed into an alveolar quaver/r/in a significant number of the Dravidian dialects. The stop sound is held in Kota and Toda (Subrahmanyam 1983). Malayalam and Sri Lankan Tamil lingos actually hold the first (alveolar) stop sound in gemination (on the same page). In Old Tamil it took the enunciative vowel like different stops. All in all, *ṯ (or *ṟ) didn’t happen word-at last without the enunciative vowel (ibid).
A graph of the Tamil consonant phonemes in the International Phonetic Alphabet follows: